Maladaptive Behavior – types of behaviors that inhibit a persons ability to adjust to situations.
Maladaptive behaviors in students can appear in countless ways. Some categories and examples are explained below. This list is not exhaustive.
Stereotypical Behavior – repetitive movement, posture or utterance.
- echolalia (repeating words or phrases)
Ritualistic Behavior – an attempt to regulate something concrete and controllable because the person cannot identify and control a problem - often manifests in compulsive behavioral.
Self-Injurious Behavior – any behavior that can cause damage to the individual.
- head banging
- self biting
- pica (consumption of inedible items)
Tantrums – a combination of two or more maladaptive behaviors.
- dropping to the ground
Aggression – an act of violence to another person or object.
Transition Difficulties – some students become easily upset when asked to transition to a new area or task.
Running/Darting – running out of the classroom, away from the area, or away from adults.
Compliance/Following Directions/Opposition – lack of cooperation with instructions/demands.
Verbally Inappropriate Behavior – disruptive to classroom, peers or individual learning/success.
- name calling